Manuscript Format

Style for Manuscript

The IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems (TFS) follows the format standards of the IEEE.

Here are some guidelines for article preparation. A list of 2-5 keywords and an abstract (described below) are required for all manuscripts submitted to this journal. ScholarOne Manuscripts contains the official IEEE keyword list. Using keywords from that list is preferred. All figures and tables must be inserted to the corresponding places. DO NOT (1) place all figures and tables at the end of this manuscript or (2) upload figures and tables separately. All pages should be numbered.

The submitted manuscript must be in the following format:

  • PDF format.
  • Singled-spaced, double column, standard IEEE published format.

Abstract Description and Specifications

In order for an abstract to be effective when displayed in IEEE Xplore® as well as through indexing services such as Compendex, INSPEC, Medline, ProQuest, and Web of Science, it must be an accurate, stand-alone reflection of the contents of the article.

The abstract must be a concise yet comprehensive reflection of what is in your article. In particular:

  • The abstract must be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, or references. It should be a microcosm of the full article.
  • The abstract must be between 150-250 words. Be sure that you adhere to these limits; otherwise, you will need to edit your abstract accordingly.
  • The abstract must be written as one paragraph, and should not contain displayed mathematical equations or tabular material.
  • The abstract should include three or four different keywords or phrases, as this will help readers to find it. It is important to avoid over-repetition of such phrases as this can result in a page being rejected by search engines.

Ensure that your abstract reads well and is grammatically correct.

Graphical Abstract

To aid readers, including reviewers, in understanding the key contributions of a paper, authors are encouraged to submit a graphical abstract along with their manuscript submission. The graphical abstract should (but not limited to) describe the motivation, key ideas and findings, and impact of the research. The graphical abstract is submitted as a supplemental material by uploading it with a supplemental file designation during the manuscript submission process. Like any supplemental material, the graphical abstract will undergo the peer review process.

Page Charges

After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the author's company or institution will be requested to pay a charge of $110 per printed page to cover part of the cost of publication. Page charges for this TRANSACTIONS, like those for journals of other professional societies, are not obligatory nor is their payment a prerequisite for publication. The author will receive 100 free reprints without covers if the page charge is honored.


It is the policy of the IEEE to own the copyright of the technical contributions it publishes. IEEE has moved to an all-electronic copyright submission system. Once you have submitted your final files you will be automatically redirected to the IEEE electronic copyright form where you will be able to complete copyright transfer or select an appropriate licence agreement. Hard copy copyright forms are no longer acceptable.



Submission of Final Manuscript

Log in to your author centre and click the ‘awaiting final files’ queue. PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT ANY FILES VIA POST, EMAIL, OR FAX.


Please check that the author supplied data, such as contact and co-author information, is correct and complete.


The following items are required before your paper can be processed for publication. Failure to submit any item will result in delays. Once you make your final submission you will not be able to add to or change files. Please be sure that all files are the FINAL VERSION and that each item on the list below is included:


  • A clean PDF of the final manuscript (editing notes or red text is not allowed on the PDF and will cause delays), ideally in IEEE production ready format (single spaced, double column). This will be used for the Early Access version that is posted to Xplore.


  • A source file that matches the submitted PDF. These files are generally in either Microsoft Word or LaTex. Figures can be embedded in the source file or submitted as separate files. Figures MUST be labeled using numerals and subpart letters: Fig.1, Fig.2, Fig.3a, Fig.4abc, Fig.5abcdef. Do NOT label figures using written topics: "diagonal_unit_square," "x2x2trackhao," "second2." Acceptable figure file types can be found at


  • Clearly labelled supplemental material or any other item intended for publication but not included in the main body of the paper, if applicable, ie; appendices, teaser images, multimedia, etc.


  • Please make sure that ALL final files have unique file names in order for them to export successfully to IEEE.

IEEE can process most commercial software programs, but not page layout programs. Do not send postscript files. The preferred programs are TeX, LaTeX, and WORD (use standard macros). An IEEE LaTeX style file can be obtained by using the IEEE Template Selector.

Un-authorised Changes

Per 8.2.1.B.14 of the IEEE PSPB Manual under Responsibilities of Authors of Articles Published by IEEE:

“Any substantive and unauthorised changes made to your accepted article during this final stage of the publication process must be communicated in writing to the Editor-in-Chief, who then will decide if a re-review is necessary. This includes addition or removal of any citations. Failure of such notification may be considered as author misconduct, and at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief may be reported as such to the IEEE Vice President – Publication Services and Products”.

Open Access

This publication is a hybrid journal, allowing either Traditional manuscript submission or Open Access (author-pays OA) manuscript submission. Upon submission, if you choose to have your manuscript be an Open Access article, you commit to pay the discounted $2495 OA fee if your manuscript is accepted for publication in order to enable unrestricted public access. Any other application charges (such as over-length page charge and/or charge for the use of color in the print format) will be billed separately once the manuscript formatting is complete but prior to the publication. If you would like your manuscript to be a Traditional submission, your article will be available to qualified subscribers and purchasers via IEEE Xplore. No OA payment is required for Traditional submission.