Information for Authors


The IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COGNITIVE AND DEVELOPMENTAL SYSTEMS (TCDS) focuses on advances in the study of development and cognition in natural (humans, animals) and artificial (robots, agents) systems. It welcomes contributions from multiple related disciplines including cognitive systems, cognitive robotics, developmental and epigenetic robotics, autonomous and evolutionary robotics, social structures, multi-agent and artificial life systems, computational neuroscience, and developmental psychology. Articles on theoretical, computational, application-oriented, and experimental studies as well as reviews in these areas are considered.

TCDS is published four times a year. Authors are encouraged to submit papers that disclose significant conceptual, computational, or experimental discovery, technical and practical knowledge,exploratory developments, and applications to both artificial and biological cognitive and developmental systems. The Transactions encourage papers submitted from all areas related to cognitive and developmental systems, including, but not limited to, computer science, engineering, neuroscience, psychology, biology, medicine, and philosophy, emphasizing computational approaches to understanding cognition and development, and experimental studies that make contact with computational approaches.


Guidance Regarding AI-Generated Text

The use of AI-generated text in an article shall be disclosed in the acknowledgements section of any paper submitted to an IEEE Conference or Periodical. The sections of the paper that use AI-generated text shall have a citation to the AI system used to generate the text.


Publication Timeline

Every effort is made to ensure minimum delay from submission to publication. Authors have a key role to play in minimizing the delay between initial submission and publication, largely by ensuring that manuscripts are of high quality both in terms of content and presentation. Use of a proofreading service is highly recommended for any authors who are not native English speakers. When the final version of a manuscript is accepted, it is immediately published electronically on IEEE Xplore and given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), at which time it enters the queue for publication in the paper version. In line with the IEEE’s policy on scholarly publishing, authors are also free to archive the PDF of the published paper on their own web-site or institutional repository.


Types of Contributions

TCDS manuscript types are as follows:

A Correspondence paper is manuscript that publishes an original research contribution in a shorter form, as well as a “perspective” that includes insights into issues of wider scope than a regular paper. A Survey paper is well-focused manuscript that puts recent progress into a broader perspective and accurately assesses the limits of existing theories. A comment paper, which is up to 4 double column pages, is a paper commenting on an error one has found in, or a disagreement one has with, a previously published paper. Comment papers should comprise a significant contribution. This could be the correction of a significant error, or correction to empirical findings that may be inconsistent with the original paper, or an extension of the results in a paper that are both significant and concise. The authors of the original paper will be invited to submit a rebuttal. Review management is primarily under the direction of an associate editor, who will solicit reviews for each submission. The associate editor will ordinarily make a recommendation after receiving three reviews. To avoid delays in processing your paper, please follow these guidelines.


Style for Manuscript

TCDS follows the standard two-column format IEEE TRANSACTIONS. For guidelines and templates please follow this link: A list of 2–5 keywords is required for all manuscripts. Authors are encouraged to put detailed derivations in appendixes. Authors must suggest a publication category for their paper, but this may be changed by the Editor-in-Chief.



In order for an abstract to be effective when displayed in IEEE Xplore as well as through indexing services such as Compendex, INSPEC, Medline, ProQuest, and Web of Science, it must be an accurate, stand-alone reflection of the contents of the article. The abstract must be a concise yet comprehensive reflection of what is in your article. In particular:

  • The abstract must be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, or references. It should be a microcosm of the full article.
  • The abstract must be between 150 and 250 words. Be sure that you adhere to these limits; otherwise, you will need to edit your abstract accordingly.
  • The abstract must be written as one paragraph, and should not contain displayed mathematical equations or tabular material.
  • The abstract should include three or four different keywords or phrases, as this will help readers to find it. It is important to avoid over-repetition of such phrases as this can result in a page being rejected by search engines.
  • Ensure that your abstract reads well and is grammatically correct.


Author Biographies

Authors can publish a short biography, along with a picture, for each of the authors. This is optional and authors can decide to omit these. The biographies must either include all authors, or not be provided for any authors. Author biographies count towards the total page limit for the article.


Submission of Manuscripts

All correspondence concerning submissions is between the author, Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Assistant. To submit your paper for consideration, visit the web submission system at ScholarOne Manuscripts found at Here you can create a new account or use an existing one if you have one, and submit a first draft of a new manuscript. Use ample margins on all sides, and ensure that your uploaded file prints without error on both 8.5 × 11 inch and A4 paper.

This TRANSACTIONS is devoted primarily to archival reports of work that have not been published elsewhere. Specifically, conference records and book chapters that have been published previously are not acceptable unless and until they have been enhanced significantly. In special circumstances or on exceptional occasions, the editor may deem a contribution noteworthy enough to be exempted from this policy. Ensure that in “Comments to Editor-in-Chief” you state that the work being submitted has not been published elsewhere, nor is it under review currently by another publication.


Open Access

This publication is a hybrid journal, allowing either Traditional manuscript submission or Open Access (author-pays OA) manuscript submission. Upon submission, if you choose to have your manuscript be an Open Access article, you commit to pay the discounted $2,345 OA fee if your manuscript is accepted for publication in order to enable unrestricted public access. Any other application charges (such as overlength page charge and/or charge for the use of color in the print format) will be billed separately once the manuscript formatting is complete but prior to the publication. If you would like your manuscript to be a Traditional submission, your article will be available to qualified subscribers and purchasers via IEEE Xplore. No OA payment is required for Traditional submission.


Page Limits and Overlength Page Charge

After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the author’s company or institution will be requested to pay a charge of $110 per printed page to cover part of the cost of publication. Page charges for this TRANSACTIONS, like those for journals of other professional societies, are not obligatory, nor is their payment a prerequisite for publication. With effect from January 1, 2017, IEEE will impose a mandatory overlength page charge of $200 for each page in excess of 10 for Regular papers, 6 for Correspondences, 4 for Comments, and 15 for Survey papers. The maximum total manuscript length (excluding supplementary materials) with overlength page charge is 15 pages for a regular paper, 21 pages for a survey paper, and 9 pages for a correspondence paper. Authors who are concerned with these mandatory changes are encouraged to estimate the length of their manuscripts prior to submission. Detailed instructions on payment of these charges will accompany the page proof.



Before your accepted article is published by IEEE, you will be asked to complete a publishing agreement. The IEEE Copyright Form is required for all publications that are not open access except for material in the public domain. Signing the IEEE Copyright Form transfers ownership of the article to IEEE. The Electronic IEEE Copyright Form (eCF) makes signing a publishing agreement easy by determining which agreement meets your needs and enabling you to complete it on-screen.

Government employees: Articles written by government employees may require a different copyright form. The eCF will determine the appropriate form to match your circumstances. When an article’s authors are a mix of government and non-government employees, one of the non-government employees should sign the copyright form.


Submission of Final Manuscript

For information on how to prepare your final submission files, please go to the IEEE Author Center at


Author Names in Native Languages

IEEE supports the publication of author names in the native language alongside the English versions of the names in the author list of an article. For more information, please visit the IEEE Author Center at


Graphical Abstract

This journal accepts graphical abstracts and they must be peer reviewed. For more information about graphical abstracts and their specifications, please visit the IEEE Author Center at



All IEEE journals require an Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID) for all authors. ORCID is a persistent unique identifier for researchers and functions similarly to an article’s Digital Object Identifier (DOI). ORCIDs enable accurate attribution and improved discoverability of an authors published work. The author will need a registered ORCID in order to submit a manuscript or review a proof in this journal.


English Language Editing Services

English language editing services can help refine the language of your article and reduce the risk of rejection without review. IEEE authors are eligible for discounts at several language editing services; visit the IEEE Author Center to learn more: Please note these services are fee-based and do not guarantee acceptance.


Single-Anonymous Review

The articles in this journal are peer reviewed in accordance with the requirements set forth in the IEEE Publication Services and Products Board Operations Manual ( Each published article was reviewed by a minimum of two independent reviewers using a single-anonymous peer review process, where the identities of the reviewers are not known to the authors, but the reviewers know the identities of the authors.