Manuscript Format

Style for Manuscript

The TG follows the standard format IEEE Transactions. For guidelines and templates please follow this link: A list of 2-5 keywords are required for all manuscripts. Provide an abstract of 150-250 words as described below. Authors are encouraged to put detailed derivations in appendixes. The authors are encouraged to suggest a publication category for their paper, but this may be changed by the editor-in-chief as deemed appropriate. Manuscripts must be submitted in the journal’s two column format.



In order for an abstract to be effective when displayed in IEEE Xplore® as well as through indexing services such as Compendex, INSPEC, Medline, ProQuest, and Web of Science, it must be an accurate, stand-alone reflection of the contents of the article.

The abstract must be a concise yet comprehensive reflection of what is in your article. In particular:

  • The abstract must be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, or references. It should be a microcosm of the full article.
  • The abstract must be between 150-250 words. Be sure that you adhere to these limits; otherwise, you will need to edit your abstract accordingly.
  • The abstract must be written as one paragraph, and should not contain displayed mathematical equations or tabular material.
  • The abstract should include three or four different keywords or phrases, as this will help readers to find it. It is important to avoid over-repetition of such phrases as this can result in a page being rejected by search engines.
  • Ensure that your abstract reads well and is grammatically correct.


Graphical Abstract

To enhance the appearance of your article on IEEEXplore®, a graphical abstract can be displayed along with traditional text. The graphical abstract should provide a clear, visual summary of your article’s findings by means of an image, animation, video, or audio clip

NOTE: The graphical abstract is considered a part of the technical content of the article, and you must provide it for peer review during the article submission process.

For more information about graphical abstracts and their specifications, please visit follow this link.

Authors, at their own expense, may now seek the help of American Journal Experts (AJE) for presubmission professional editing services. An author willing to receive assistance with English grammar and usage prior to submitting their manuscript for review, or during the review process, can go directly to  or visit the IEEE Author Center and go to the section and link: "Refine the Use of English in Your Manuscript" to submit a manuscript for copy editing. The AJE copy editors will copy edit for grammar, usage, organization, and clarity, querying potentially substantive revisions as necessary. Cost estimates are available immediately online. Edited manuscripts are expected to be returned to the author within two weeks of submission. Please note these services are fee-based and do not guarantee acceptance.