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IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems - Information for Authors


The IEEE Transactions on Fuzzy Systems (TFS) is published bimonthly. TFS will consider papers that deal with the theory, design or applications of fuzzy systems ranging from hardware to software. Authors are encouraged to submit articles that disclose significant technical achievements, exploratory developments, or performance studies of fielded systems based on fuzzy models. Emphasis will be given to engineering applications.


Types of Contributions

TFS publishes three types of articles:

  • Survey papers
  • Full papers
  • Short papers
  • Letters (Comments on Published Papers)

Survey papers are well-focused manuscripts that puts recent progress into a broader perspective and accurately assesses the limits of existing theories. A Survey paper will not exceed 15 pages of formatted text in the IEEE two-column style.

Full papers are characterized by novel contributions of archival nature in developing theories and/or innovative applications of fuzzy sets and systems. The contribution should not be of incremental nature, but must present a well-founded and conclusive treatment of a problem. Well organized survey of literature on topics of current interest may also be considered. Usually a full paper will not exceed 10 pages of formatted text in the IEEE two-column style.

Short papers report sufficiently interesting new theories and/or developments/results/simulations/experiments on previously published work in fuzzy sets/systems and related areas. For example, an extension of previous results or algorithms, innovative applications of a known approach to interesting problems, interesting theorems on error bounds of fuzzy algorithms, etc. The contribution should be conclusive and useful. A short paper must not exceed 6 pages of formatted text in the IEEE two-column style.

The term "letters" will be reserved for just that, i.e., mostly for "Comments on Published Papers" and the authors' response, along with occasional letters to, or interesting tidbits for, the TFS readership. A letter must not exceed 3 pages formatted text in the IEEE two-column style.

No manuscript will be transferred from the full paper type to the short paper type after submission/review. A short paper will undergo the review process as a short paper. It would be the responsibility of authors to decide the type of their manuscript at the time of submission. If a manuscript is reviewed as a full paper and at the end of the review process, reviewers / associate editors / Editor-in-Chief find it is not suitable to be reviewed as a full paper but a potential candidate for a short paper, then the manuscript has to be resubmitted as a short paper after revision, if authors desire to do so. Review management for full papers and short papers is under the direction of an associate editor, who will normally solicit four reviews and wait for at least three responses before a decision is reached.


Comments on Published Papers

The transactions publish comments readers may make on previously published papers. Every "Comments on Published Papers" (CoP) is processed in the following manner:

  • CoP is reviewed by one of authors of the paper commented on + at least two independent reviewers.
  • If review suggests a clear acceptance or rejection – over
  • If editor finds the CoP worthy of publication but there is a disagreement between the authors of the paper commented on and other reviewers then the authors of the commented on paper should be given a chance to submit a rebuttal paper (RP).
  • The RP will be reviewed by an author of COP and two other independent reviewers.
  • If review suggests a clear acceptance or rejection – over, else Editor makes the decision and that is final.
  • If both CoP and RP are accepted, they will be published in the same issue.


Categories of Contributions

  • Regular category (Non-application category)
  • Application category

Note that the category of a manuscript is an exclusive function of its content, not its length. As described in its scope, TFS considers articles on engineering applications. At the time of submission an author has to specify whether the manuscript should be treated as an application category contribution or not.

An innovative application must satisfy at least one of the following requirements:

  1. A new application that has never been attempted with fuzzy sets. It must produce at least comparable performance with other approaches.
  2. Applications where the use of fuzzy models produce much better results than do standard non-fuzzy or fuzzy techniques in terms of performance.
  3. Efficient / novel implementation of fuzzy systems/algorithms leading to much better results than do the standard techniques in terms of efficiency (speed/space).

In each of the three cases, the manuscript must have a very clear description of the problem, its formulation, a comprehensive analysis of the results, and an adequate details of the implementation protocols so that it can be tried by others.

To avoid delay in processing your paper, please follow these guidelines.


Submission of Manuscripts

Submission and review of manuscripts is now done through Manuscript Central, the IEEE's on-line submission and review system. Please log on to and follow the directions to create an account (if a first time user) and to submit your manuscript. If the manuscript is printable (all font embedded), it will be entered into the review process. You will be able to check on the status of your manuscript during the review process.

This TRANSACTIONS is primarily devoted to archival reports of work that have not been-in the main-published elsewhere. Specifically, conference records and book chapters that have been published are not acceptable unless and until they have been significantly enhanced. In special circumstances or on exceptional occasions, the editor may deem a contribution noteworthy enough to be exempted from this policy. Authors will be asked to confirm that the work being submitted has not been published elsewhere nor is it currently under review by another publication. If either of these conditions is not met or is subsequently violated, the article will be disqualified from possible publication in TFS. Plagiarism in any form will be considered a serious breach of professional conduct with potentially severe ethical and legal consequences as defined in the IEEE PSPB operational manual, which can downloaded from


Professional Editing Services

Sometimes TFS receives submissions that suffer from poor English usage and readability. Such manuscripts often get rejected because of extremely poor readability. Authors, at their own cost, may take the help of American Journal Experts for pre-submission professional editing services. An author willing to get assistance with English grammar and usage prior to submitting his/her manuscripts for review or during the review process can go directly to to submit a manuscript for copy editing. Various levels of editing services are available. Cost estimates as well as required time are available immediately on line. We cannot guarantee that the linguistic quality of an edited manuscript will meet your expectation. As expected, an edited manuscript will undergo usual reviews.


Style for Manuscript

One-column formats Two-column formats
Format 12pt
Double space
Single column
Single space
Two column
Survey papers   Maximum 15 pages
Full papers
Maximum 10 pages
Short papers
Maximum 6 pages
Maximum 3 pages

Here are some guidelines for article preparation. A list of 2-5 keywords and an abstract (described below) are required for all manuscripts submitted to this journal. Manuscript Central contains the official IEEE keyword list. Using keywords from that list is preferred. Provide an abstract of reasonable length that is an informative summary of the paper, including any important results found or conclusions drawn. Authors are encouraged to put detailed derivations in appendixes. For the review process, a composite PDF file containing the main manuscript, tables, figures and appendixes should be submitted. All figures and tables must be inserted to the corresponding places. DO NOT (1) place all figures and tables at the end of this manuscript or (2) upload figures and tables separately.

For new submission and revision, papers formatted in one-column style and the IEEE two-column style are both required. For preparing one-column paper, the manuscripts must be formatted in 12PT TIMES ROMAN, DOUBLE-SPACED, SINGLE COLUMN, 1" MARGINS, 8.5" x 11" PAPER. This will allow at most 30 lines per page, where the maximum length of a line is 16.5 cm. Some templates /style files that can help preparation of the manuscript, can be downloaded from


Abstract Description and Specifications

In order for an abstract to be effective when displayed in IEEE Xplore® as well as through indexing services such as Compendex, INSPEC, Medline, ProQuest, and Web of Science, it must be an accurate, stand-alone reflection of the contents of the article.

The abstract must be a concise yet comprehensive reflection of what is in your article. In particular:

  • The abstract must be self-contained, without abbreviations, footnotes, or references. It should be a microcosm of the full article.
  • The abstract must be between 150-250 words. Be sure that you adhere to these limits; otherwise, you will need to edit your abstract accordingly.
  • The abstract must be written as one paragraph, and should not contain displayed mathematical equations or tabular material.
  • The abstract should include three or four different keywords or phrases, as this will help readers to find it. It is important to avoid over-repetition of such phrases as this can result in a page being rejected by search engines.

Ensure that your abstract reads well and is grammatically correct.


Graphical Abstract

To aid readers, including reviewers, in understanding the key contributions of a paper, authors are encouraged to submit a graphical abstract along with their manuscript submission. The graphical abstract should (but not limited to) describe the motivation, key ideas and findings, and impact of the research. The graphical abstract is submitted as a supplemental material by uploading it with a supplemental file designation during the manuscript submission process. Like any supplemental material, the graphical abstract will undergo the peer review process. More details on graphical abstracts can be found at


Page Charges

After a manuscript has been accepted for publication, the author's company or institution will be requested to pay a charge of $110 per printed page to cover part of the cost of publication. Page charges for this TRANSACTIONS, like those for journals of other professional societies, are not obligatory nor is their payment a prerequisite for publication. The author will receive 100 free reprints without covers if the page charge is honored.


Over Length Page Charge

With effect from January 1, 2017, papers submitted to this transaction will be imposed mandatory over-length page charge for pages in excess of 15 pages for a survey paper, 10 pages for a regular paper, and 6 pages for a short paper. Authors of papers accepted for publication will be assessed a mandatory page charge of $200 (per page) for every printed page over these limits. The manuscript length (excluding supplementary materials) with over-length page charge must be less than 21 pages for a survey paper, 15 pages for a regular paper, and 9 pages for a short paper. For letters existing rules apply.



It is the policy of the IEEE to own copyright to the technical contributions it publishes. To comply with the IEEE copyright policy, authors are required to sign the IEEE Copyright Transfer Form before publication in either the print or electronic medium. The form is provided upon approval of the manuscript. Authors must submit a signed copy of this form with their manuscripts.


Submission of Final Manuscript

Page Numbers: Number all pages, including illustrations (which should be grouped at the end), in a single series, with no omitted numbers. Figures should be identified with the figure number and author's name at the bottom or on the back; keep the information in the margin, off the body of the figure.

References and Captions: Put references on a separate page and provide them in IEEE style. Figure captions should also be on a separate page. Do not include captions on the illustrations themselves. Figure captions should be sufficiently clear so that the figures can be understood without detailed reference to the accompanying text. Axes of graphs should have self-explanatory labels, not just symbols.

Illustrations and Photos: All figures will be printed in black and white, unless specifically requested. The color figures involve some cost to be born by the authors. The exact amount depends on the number of color figures (the total cost includes a flat fee plus a fee per figure). However, authors can use color figures keeping in mind that in IEEE Xplore these will appear in color but on the print copy it will be in black and white. Therefore, while referring to the figures in the text, authors should not refer to color, but some other attributes of the figures. Letters should be large enough to be readily legible when the figures are reduced to two or one-column width - as much as 4:1 reduction from the original.

Electronic Form for Final Printing: For the final printed production of the manuscript, the author will need to provide a diskette, a zip disk, or a CD and two paper copies of the peer approved version. Please be certain that changes made to your paper version are incorporated into your electronic and hard copy version. Note the operating system (WINDOWS, MAC, UNIX, etc.) and the software used on the label of the disk. Check that your files are complete including abstract, text, references, footnotes, biographies, and figures captions.

IEEE can process most commercial software programs, but not page layout programs. Do not send postscript files. The preferred programs are TeX, LaTeX, and WORD (use standard macros). An IEEE LaTeX style file can be obtained by e-mail at A more complete IEEE Authors Electronic Guide can be obtained by e-mail at, by fax at (+1 732) 562 0545 or by visiting the IEEE website with Tools for Authors.